Via Air Mail: America Takes Flight
In retrospect, passenger air travel may seem like a natural result of the birth of aviation. However, in the earliest days of powered flight, airplanes were seen by many as a novelty. Looking at the Wright Flyer and its early successors, the crafts were indeed unlikely candidates for taking people from place to place on a regular basis. Information, though, was another matter.
Businesses were interested in moving information quickly, over long distances and the prospect of “air mail” was very attractive. Over a period of just a few years, from 1918 until the mid-1920s, the United States Post Office, entrepreneurs, and airplane designers created a system to rapidly move mail throughout the nation. The resulting developments in aviation made it feasible and practical for the newly formed commercial airlines to transition from hauling sacks of mail to carrying cabins full of passengers.
The First Airmail
On February 18, 1911, French pilot Henri Pequet flew more than 6,000 pieces of mail for five miles from Allahabad to Naini as part of a commercial and cultural exposition. The United Kingdom was next in experimenting with official airmail, and flew more than 100,000 pieces of mail from London to Windsor between September 9 and September 26, 1911.
This exhibit is located in the Great Gallery, surrounding the Boeing Model 40-B. Model 40-Bs were used extensively for airmail, as were the Ryan M-1 and the Swallow Commercial aircraft hanging overhead.